Sunday, 9 July 2017

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WINNING AND LOSING IN SILAT 28TH 2015 SEA GAMES SINGAPORE (MALAYSIA MEN’S CLASS E AND H)

Shapie, M. N. M (1,2) & Razak, M. H. M. (1)
1.Fakulti Sains Sukan dan Rekreasi, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor.

ABSTRACT

This is study describing the relationship between winning and losing in silat 28th 2015 sea games Singapore during competitive matches like quarterfinal, semi-final and final and profile of elite silat exponent of a pencak silat. This study had been analyse between four different match with 4 different countries. The purpose behind this review is to analysis the of silat olahraga among Malaysian Silat's group at the Sea Games 2015. A video recording during the match was use for the analysis. Three skill involved in Pencak Silat including hit target, hit somewhere else, and miss opponent. Generally, pencak silat is same likes the others of martial art which used body posture and technique in performance but only different in term of their motion categories.

INTRODUCTION

            Pencak silat is a special type of martial art fighting established in Malay culture, which extends crosswise over Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, the Southern Philippines and Southern Thailand, and different spots where popular who talk in the Malay dialect and allude to a typical Malay family line can be found.
            Pencak silat is additionally can be a lesson for understudy to enhance their abilities. One of pencak silat course objectives is to enhance confident level. One of learning procedure is amusement approach which is it include energizing, fun, and propelling for understudies. It makes inclusion of understudies in the class, bigger fervor to enhance and study new propelled aptitudes, and rousing the understudies to perform well in class.
Motion of analysis  for silat is punch, kick, block, topple, sweep, catch and dodge.  Past review demonstrates that the movement profile during activity time. According to Shapie, Oliver, O'Donoghue, and Tong (2009), the nature of work periods inside any battle sports relies on upon the recurrence, volume and kind of the action being performed. The target of this review is to depict the abilities required between the champ and washout and in addition to decide the variable that impact the winner to win.










MATERIALS AND METHODS

            A video recording of definite match Class E and H men at Sea Games in Singapore 2015 utilized for the analysis. Two pesilat is included from various group or nation. This match comprise of three rounds, which is two minutes for every round and one minute rest between each round.This notation involved various skills such as punch, kick, block, catch, topple and sweep. Usage of Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) to calculate the statistical analysis and result. The video is repeated at least two times so the data can be taken properly. The frequency was taken as data to be analysed.   

Motion categories

Silat exponent’s motions were coded into 14 different types of categories and were defined as follows:

Punch:

The punch ‘tumbuk’ attack is done by a hand with a closed fist hitting the target. In silat punching is often used to fight the opponent. It can be a straight punch ‘tumbuk lurus’ or uppercut ‘sauk’ to the exponent body’s.

Kick:

The kick ‘tendang / terajang’ is an attacking movement which is performed with one leg or two legs simultaneously. A kick can be aimed at any target. It can be front kick ‘ tendang depan’, side-kick ‘depak’ or semi-circular side kick ‘tendang lengkar’.

Block:

The blocking movements begin with the posture position ‘sikap pasang’: the exponent stands straight with his hands around his body or close to his chest. Blocking or parrying ‘tangkisan’ can be done using arms, elbows and legs with the purpose to block off or striking back at any attack.

Catch:

The catch ‘tangkapan’ is done by using the hand to ob struct the opponent from carrying out an attack. The silat exponent is able to prevent himself from being attacked by pointing the attack which he has caught to another direction. A catch which twists or drags the opponent is forbidden. Also, a catch which could break the part which is being held such as the leg and waist is also forbidden. These regulations exist to protect the silat exponent’s.

Topple:

There are various ways of toppling down one’s opponent. For example, a silat exponent ‘pesilat’ can either push, shove the opponent’s back leg from the bag or from the side, shove, hit, kick, strike or punch to make the opponent lose his balance. Every fall is considered valid as long as the silat exponent topples his opponent down without wrestling or he is able to overpower the opponent whom he has brought down.

Sweep:

Swiping ‘sapuan’ involves attacking an opponent’s leg which are on the ground to unstabilise him and bring down to the ground. A silat exponent can perform this attacking movement either with his right or left leg, Hence, front sweep ‘sapuan depan’ is done by swinging the leg to the front to push an opponent’s front leg, while back sweep ‘sapuan belakang’ is carried out by swinging the leg backward to hit the back leg.

Evade/Dodge:

The evade ‘elakan’ technique is carried out by silat exponent when he tries to evade an attack. This technique does not require the silat exponent to touch the opponent in fending off the attack. They are many ways of carrying out his defensive movement such as dodging ‘gelek’, retreat ‘mundur’, evasion to the side ‘elak sisi’, bending ‘elak serung’, jumping ‘lonjak’, ducking ‘susup’ and etc..

Self-Release:

Self-release ‘lepas tangkapan’ technique is a technique to unlock any clinch or catch from an opponent.

Block and Punch:

The blocking technique is used to block any hand or leg attack from the opponent and followed by counter attack using the hand to punch the opponent.

Block and Kick:

The blocking technique is used to block any hand or leg attack from the opponent and followed by counter attack using the leg to kick the opponent.

Block and Sweep:

The blocking technique is used to block any hand or leg attack from the opponent and followed by counter attack using sweeping technique to the opponent.

Fake Punch:

An action which a silat exponent intends to confuse the opponent using a fake punch to break his opponent’s defensive posture.

Fake Kick:

An action which a silat exponent intends to confuse the opponent using a fake kick to break his opponent defensive posture.

Others:

Both silat exponents are either in posture position ‘sikap pasang’ or coming close to each other using silat step pattern ‘pola langkah’.
All the activities are considered high intensity except for others which at that time both silat exponents are in low intensity periods.












STATISTICAL ANALYSIS AND RESULT

1.      Men’s 70kg Class E Final (Malaysia Win)
Group Statistics

Group
N
Mean
Std. Deviation
Std. Error Mean
Score
Malaysia
3
26.3333
15.69501
9.06152
Vietnam
3
23.3333
10.78579
6.22718

TABLE 1


Hit Target
Hit Elsewhere
Miss Target
Total
Malaysia
14
21
44
79
Vietnam
11
28
31
68

2.      Men’s 85kg Class H Final (Malaysia Lost)

Group Statistics

Group
N
Mean
Std. Deviation
Std. Error Mean
Score
Malaysia
3
22.3333
14.29452
8.25295
Indonesia
3
24.6667
13.86843
8.00694


TABLE 2


Hit Target
Hit Elsewhere
Miss Target
Total
Malaysia
10
19
38
67
Indonesia
13
21
40
74



3.      Men’s 70kg Class E Semi Final (Malaysia win)
Group Statistics

Group
N
Mean
Std. Deviation
Std. Error Mean
Score
Malaysia
3
26.6667
15.53491
8.96908
Singapore
3
23.6667
14.57166
8.41295

TABLE 3


Hit Target
Hit Elsewhere
Miss Target
Total
Malaysia
14
22
44
80
Singapore
12
19
40
71

4.      Men’s 70kg Class E Quarter Final (Malaysia win)
Group Statistics

Group
N
Mean
Std. Deviation
Std. Error Mean
Score
Malaysia
3
25.0000
13.00000
7.50555
Indonesia
3
22.3333
14.46836
8.35331

 

TABLE 4


Hit Target
Hit Elsewhere
Miss Target
Total
Malaysia
18
17
40
75
Indonesia
13
15
39
67



DISCUSSION

Table 1 demonstrates match Men's 70kg Class E Final Vietnam Versus (Malaysia win). In this match, the winner is Malaysia. Athlete of Malaysia more forceful than the athelete Vietnam. In this games, both hopefuls of this competitor more watchful while doing some movement in of the fact that each of the contender need to hit focus to their rivals. In this way, during the low force movement both of the silat examples were considered to perform low action activities, for example, approaching each other utilizing silat step pattern "pola langkah" or "sikap pasang" pose. Other than that, the movement, for example, punching, kicking, blocking, dodging, catching, swiping and toppling is an anaerobic sources add to the metabolic requests amid the work spent performing high force action.
Table 2 shows match Men’s - 85kg Class H Indonesia Versus Malaysia. In this match, the winner is Indonesia. Basically, both contestants of this countries also show a good match.   It can be assumed that punching, kicking, blocking, dodging, catching, swiping and toppling is an anaerobic sources contribute to the metabolic demands during the work spent performing high intensity activity. During the low intensity activity both of the silat exponents were deemed to be performing low activity actions such as coming close to each other using silat step pattern “pola langkah” or “sikap pasang” posture.
Table 3 shows match Men’s 70kg Class E Semi-final Singapore Versus Malaysia. In this match, the winner is Malaysia. . Basically, both contestants of this countries also show a good match. They was comprised of kick and punch actions. In this games, both hopefuls of this competitor more watchful while doing some movement in of the fact that each of the contender need to hit focus to their rivals. In this way, during the low force movement both of the silat examples were considered to perform low action activities, for example, approaching each other utilizing silat step pattern "pola langkah" or "sikap pasang" pose. Other than that, the movement, for example, punching, kicking, blocking, dodging, catching, swiping and toppling is an anaerobic sources add to the metabolic requests amid the work spent performing high force action.
Table 4 shows match Men’s Class E Quarterfinals Indonesia Versus Malaysia which Malaysia is win. In this match, the winner is Malaysia. Basically, both contestants of this countries show a good match. .   It can be assumed that punching, kicking, blocking, dodging, catching, swiping and toppling is an anaerobic sources contribute to the metabolic demands during the work spent performing high intensity activity. During the low intensity activity both of the silat exponents were deemed to be performing low activity actions such as coming close to each other using silat step pattern “pola langkah” or “sikap pasang” posture.

CONCLUSION

            The conclusion, both Class have a good performance in their match. The athlete that lost the match have to expand their accuracy during match and preparing so they can perform better in up at coming competition. As indicated by all the video, Malaysia group more probable utilize clear in their match particularly for Class E. We can see from the outcome that during the match against Singapore and Vietnam, the athlete have the high capability of used miss target. For Class H more probable used punching and kicking. In addition, Class H are less used block and letting the opponent effectively getting punch, kick, topple and sweep.
RECOMMENDATION
As we know that occasionally, individuals commit errors and people are not perfect but rather we can practice to be the best. Silat athletes should practice more on their target and technique to improve their performance especially on catch, dodge, punch, kick, sweep, and topple. After that, silat is a martial art, we should prepare longer to improved the technique and the most important thing is the strenght of the athlete so they can't sweep or topple. Besides, video investigation can be a recognize the athlete weakness.







REFERENCE
1.      Shapie, M. N. M., Oliver, J., O’Donoghue, P., & Tong, R. (2014). Fitness characteristics of youth silat performers. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 1, 147-155.
2.      Abdul Rashid Aziz, Benedict Tan, Kong Chuan Teh (2002). Physiological Responses
during Matches and Profile of Elite Pencak Silat Exponentst. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 01, 147 – 155
3.      Stark, S. (2008). Pencak silat pertempuran: Stepping from stone to stone: Sean Stark.
6.      http://www.jssm.org/research.php?id=jssm-01-147.xml
8.      O'Donoghue, P., Rudkin, S., Bloomfield, J., Powell, S., Cairns, G., Dunkerley, A., et al. (2005). Repeated work activity in english fa premier league soccer. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 5(2), 46-57.
9.      Parnabas, V., Shapie, M. N. M., & Parnabas, J. (2015). Level of drugs usage and sport performance in malay silat. Ido Movement for Culture. Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology, 15(2), 45-51.

10.  Stark, S. (2008). Pencak silat pertempuran: Stepping from stone to stone: Sean Stark.
11.  Shapie, M. N. M., Oliver, J., O’Donoghue, P., & Tong, R. (2014). Fitness characteristics of youth silat performers. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 1, 147-155.
12.  Pencak Silat Tanding Men's Class E Final VIE vs MAS (Day 9) | 28th SEA Games Singapore 2015
13.  Pencak Silat Tanding Men's Class H Final INA vs MAS (Day 9) | 28th SEA Games Singapore 2015

14.  Pencak Silat Tanding Men's Class E Semi-Final SIN vs MAS (Day 8) | 28th SEA Games Singapore 2015

15.  Pencak Silat Tanding Class E Men's Indonesia vs Malaysia (Day 7) | 28th SEA Games Singapore 2015











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